On the bluffs overlooking the Mississippi River, the Christian Hill neighborhood came to life in the early 1830s. With majestic views of the Mississippi River and downtown Alton, the area became lined with antebellum Victorian homes with an occassional older Federal-style exception.
Once dominated by the Alton Prison and flour mills on the streets below, many of the home foundations and retaining walls built in the area used limestone from the post Civil War prison ruins. The neighborhood was anchored by the Old Cathedral with its towering spires and Riverview Park with its steep steps, sunken garden and Victorian bandstand.
The neighborhood was named to the National Register of Historic Places in 1978.